《浪潮之巅》阅读笔记(二)(Reading notes of the top of the tide (2))

IBM——全称 International Business Machines (国际商用机器公司)。世界上最大的服务公司,第二大软件公司,第二大数据库公司,世界上最大的开源(opensource)的linux服务器生产厂商。

IBM的发展史:

  • 赶上机械革命的最后一次浪潮 
  • 领导电子技术革命的浪潮 
  • 错过全球信息化的大潮

IBM核心人物: 郭士纳

郭士纳主要贡献:

  • 不断通过购买过去拆分出去的公司,将IBM硬件制造,软件开发和服务整合。
  • 开源节流,砍掉无意义的项目,裁人,变卖资产。
  • 将实验室研究与开发结合,砍掉没有效益的理论研究。

对IBM的评价:

   ibm在百年来历次技术革命中得以生存和发展,自有其生存之道。它在技术上不断在开拓和发展,以领导和跟随技术潮流;在经营上,死死守住自己核心的政府、军队企事业部门的市场,对进入新的市场非常谨慎。

————————

IBM – Full Name: international business machines. The world’s largest service company, the second largest software company, the second largest database company, and the world’s largest open source Linux server manufacturer.

History of IBM:

  • Catch up with the last wave of the mechanical revolution
  • Leading the wave of electronic technology revolution
  • Miss the tide of global informatization

IBM key people:   Gerstner

Gerstner’s main contributions:

  • Continue to integrate IBM hardware manufacturing, software development and services by buying companies that were split in the past.
  • Increase revenue and reduce expenditure, cut meaningless projects, lay off people and sell assets.
  • Combine laboratory research and development to cut off unprofitable theoretical research.

Comments on IBM:

IBM has been able to survive and develop in the past century’s technological revolution, and has its own way of survival. It is constantly developing in technology to lead and follow the trend of technology; In terms of operation, they have kept their core markets of the government and military enterprises and institutions, and are very cautious about entering new markets.